Acne Induced Melasma- Cause and Treatments.

Acne Induced Melasma – Cause and Treatments.

Dealing with redness and inflammation is just the first part of the struggle once you are diagnosed with acne. Subsequent problems include the embarrassments and, of course, trying different treatments, hoping that the spots go away. But before you begin seeking treatment, you must start by understanding what you are actually suffering from; what type of acne it is.

Acne induced melasma is a condition that results from broken blood vessels in inflammation. It can also be due to sun exposure which supercharges the pigment hence producing melanocytes that cause red or brown marks on your skin.

Acne Induced Hyperpigmentation- Cause and Treatment

Hormonal imbalance is responsible for many actions in the body. It regulates growth, metabolism, sleep and skin function and texture. Hormonal fluctuations can result in noticeable changes in the skin called hyperpigmentation and acne.

There are multiple causes and situations where hyperpigmentation appears due to inflammation and acne. Some causes include skin injuries, over-use of skin products, cauterization, and medications such as anti-seizure drugs and antibiotics. 

Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation-At a Glance

Frequently referred to as Melanosis- is an irregular pigmentation that occurs after an attack by skin inflammatory disorder.

Post inflammatory pigmentation can affect anyone, but it’s more common in dark-skinned individuals. The affected dark-skinned people color tend to be more intense and persist for much longer times compared to lighter skin color.

What Are The Causes Of Post Inflammatory Pigmentation?

The following are the leading causes of PIH:

  • Acne
  • Aesthetic interventions such as dermabrasions, chemical peels or laser therapy. Yes: sometimes it’s the method used to relieve the discoloration that actually causes more discoloration. Always approach each treatment slowly and cautiously and review the results on a week to week or month to month basis. Ie; do not purchase a series of peels or micro-dermabrasions do one at a time and gage the results on a treatment by treatment basis.
  • Men and women are equally susceptible to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
  • Inflammatory skin conditions that involve the dermo-epidermal junction cause hyperpigmentation such as eczema and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
  • Use of laser treatment with fully ablative laser device in dark-skinned patients. The risk can, however, reduce by use of fractional or IPL are used in place of carbon dioxide lasers.
  • Also the use of drugs such as chlorpromazine and medication containing Arsenic or Arsenic exposure are the common culprits that cause inflammation.

How Do I Treat Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation On My Face?

It can be done – fear not! Remember consistency is the key!

Getting rid of the PIH means you must be consistent with your regime, dermatological visits, esthetician and or skin care routine.

Your skin care specialist will advise you any of the following:

  • Topical Agents– use of topical agents such as Glutathione creams or Glutathione injections or a regime of products containing one or a combination of these ingredients: Azelaic acid, kojic acid, Alpha Arbutin, Bearberry Licorice extract. These products will not only helps rejuvenate your facial skin but safely lightens skin discoloration.
  • Revitol Skin Brightening cream contains both Alpha Arbutin and Lumiskin both ingredients suppress melanin production and fade discoloration.
  • IPL or Laser treatments. Your dermatologist may recommend for a laser peel to resurface your skin over the spots.
  • Use of natural products such as lemon juice and Aloe Vera over the darkened parts of your face.  Caution: Slow to work and irritates the skin.
  • Steroid injections may be administered to cortisone to soften and flatten the scars on your face. Not for skin lightening but for relief from acne scarring.
  • Punch excisions that involves numbing of the affected site, cutting the scars and stitching it closed may be recommended for deep acne scarring ice pick scars.
  • Dermal filters which are applicable for atrophic acne scarring. In this treatment model, acne is filled substance to elevate the depressed areas on your face.
  • Always remember it’s easiest to prevent the scarring and or discoloration than to try and remedy the damage after the fact. Always resist that urge to squeeze a pimple as it can cause more damage when not done properly and when possible seek care from a dermatologist or skin care specialist. If money is an issue as we are all being cautious with our budgets then use a clay facial mask and immediately follow with an application of an acne medication such as Oxy 10 or something benzoyl peroxide in it 3 x weekly.
  • Cautions not to over sensitize your skin with acne drying products. (less is more but be consistent)

How to Treat Acne Melasma

Treatments of acne melasma can involve a combination of therapies such as bleaching agents, topical retinoid and chemical peels. Also, individual laser and light treatments can also be employed.

When topical medications give you limiting results, try in-office procedures to help augment or speed up the process. Possible chemical peels or the more moderate approach the dermabrasion treatment, can remove the top layers of the skin, which can help remove resistant layers of discolored surface skin. However note that over aggressive treatments can cause irritation which can produce more pigments on your skin so be cautious and always remember a slow but consistent use of topical creams will work wonders especially when augmenting with an occasional lightening procedure.