What Is Face Melasma And Chloasma?
Been battling with the embarrassment that comes with dark facial spots?
But first, do you know what trigger their occurrence?
De-Beautifying Skin Disorder: Melasma the Mammoth
Melasma is an acquired pigment disorder with a characteristic of symmetric hyper pigmented macules on the face. It mostly affects the forehead and the area between your mouth and nose. Surprisingly, it can affect the other areas of your skin particularly the ones exposed to the sun.
Dark spots, uneven skin tone, discoloration or whatever name you call it, hyperpigmentation is the greatest facial appearance killer.
In my article, am going to state and discuss the risk factors of melasma.
- Exposure ultra-violet rays
Sun exposure is the most common cause of dark spots as sun rays trigger production of melanin. Although melanin act as your skin’s natural sunscreen, excessive sun tanning can disrupt the whole process and lead to hyperpigmentation.
Dark spots caused by UV light result to grayish patches on the face, upper lip and on the forehead. It is, however, the most important avoidable risk factor.
- Hormonal variances
Sudden upsurges in estrogen and progesterone, using the pill or even carrying a child can cause wonky chemical variations in the organ system.
Despite making you seem emotional and anxious, hormonal “boosts” can stimulate the growth of melanin. The skin-tone determinant-melanin causes hyperpigmentation which appears as brown blotchy patches on your skin.
In pregnant women, they develop a brown facial mask known as birth mask as well as a discrete dark line running from the belly buttons to the pubic area. This hormone-related pigmentation, however, disappears after birth, but in case it fails to go away, you can try some form of bleaching cream. Moreover, if you are experiencing discoloration from the pill, try other methods of birth control.
- Certain Types of Food
Shocking as it may sound, lemon and lime you squeeze into your cocktail can cause discoloration. Citrusy fruits have been found scientifically to contain biological substances. These elements create phototoxic reactions on exposure to ultra-violet rays.
Chickpeas also known as garbanzo beans contain estrogen- the hormone that can trigger melasma. If you have been taking foods rich in estrogen, you may be careful to avoid melasma occurrence or reoccurrence.
Hormonal Changes and Their Impact on Skin-Tone
Hormonal imbalance is the primary cause of chloasma- the common skin disorder that affects women. These occur basically when the female sex hormones, estrogen, and progesterone stimulate overproduction of melanin.
There is also evidence that progesterone directed to post-menopausal women may play a vital role in the development of melasma. Apart from the female sex hormones, the thyroid gland disorders is also a risk factor for melasma.
The disorder usually occurs during times of hormonal variations associated with pregnancy and use of oral contraceptives. In some individuals, the impact on their skin fades after birth, but others have to seek diverse treatment models.